Title: Fe2+/HClO Reaction Produces FeIVO2+: An Enhanced Advanced Oxidation Process
Abstract: The reaction between Fe2+ and HClO constitutes a promising advanced oxidation process (AOP) for removing pollutants from wastewater, and •OH has been considered the dominant reactive oxidant despite limited evidence for this. Herein, we demonstrate that the Fe2+/HClO reaction enables the production of FeIVO2+ rather than •OH in acid medium, a finding that is strongly supported by multiple lines of evidence. Both X-ray absorption near-edge structure spectroscopic tests and Mössbauer spectroscopic tests confirmed the appearance of FeIVO2+ as the reactive intermediate in the reaction between Fe2+ and HClO. The determination of FeIVO2+ generation was also derived from the methyl phenyl sulfoxide (PMSO)-based probe experiments with respect to the formation of PMSO2 without •OH adducts and the density functional theory studies according to the lower energy barrier for producing FeIVO2+ compared with •OH. A dual-anode electrolytic system was established for the in situ generation of Fe2+ and HClO that allows the production of FeIVO2+. The system exhibits an enhanced capacity for oxidizing a model pollutant (e.g., phosphite) from industrial wastewater, making it an attractive and promising AOP for the abatement of aqueous contaminants.