Title: Droplet Morphology and Mobility on Lubricant-Impregnated Surfaces: A Molecular Dynamics Study
Abstract: Slippery liquid-infused porous surfaces (SLIPS) are gaining remarkable attention and have advanced performance in many fields. Although all SLIPS are related to lubricant-impregnation within nano/microstructures on a surface, they differ in many aspects, such as the morphology of droplets, the state of cloaking, the wetting edge, and the lubricant thickness. Requirements of the droplet morphology on SLIPS might change according to a specific application. A molecular-dynamics-based numerical model that can correctly simulate SLIPS is developed and is validated by comparing against the theoretical predictions for all possible stable states for a given droplet, lubricant, and solid surface. On the basis of this model, a detailed analysis of the equilibrium states is conducted. In particular, we discover that the four possible stable states on SLIPS predicted by theoretical studies can be extended to eight states by considering the effects of lubricant thickness and surface geometry in addition to the interfacial tension and surface wettability. These findings could be used to determine the conditions under which a thermodynamically stable state exists on SLIPS. The dynamic behavior of a nanodroplet on SLIPS is also studied, which provides insight into how a proper increase in the lubricant thickness might increase the sliding velocity. The above findings and developed model are expected to provide significant guidelines for designing SLIPS.