Title: Magnetic-Assisted Transparent and Flexible Percolative Composite for Highly Sensitive Piezoresistive Sensor via Hot Embossing Technology
Abstract: A highly transparent and flexible percolative composite with magnetic reduced graphene oxide@nickel nanowire (mGN) fillers in EcoFlex matrix is proposed as a sensing layer to fabricate high-performance flexible piezoresistive sensors. Large excluded volume and alignment of mGN fillers contribute to low percolation threshold (0.27 vol %) of mGN-EcoFlex composites, leading to high electrical conductivity of 0.003 S m–1, optical transmittance of 71.8%, and low Young’s modulus of 122.8 kPa. Large-scale microdome templates for sensors are prepared by hot embossing technology cost-effectively and COMSOL Multiphysics is utilized to optimize the sensor performances. Piezoresistive sensors fabricated experimentally show superior average sensitivity of 1302.1 kPa–1 with a low device-to-device variation of 3.74%, which provides a new way to achieve transparent, highly sensitive, and large-scale electronic skin.