Title: Simultaneous Rapid Nucleic Acid and Protein Detection in a Lateral Chromatography Chip for COVID-19 Diagnosis
Abstract: In this work, we report a fast, portable, and economical microfluidic platform for the simultaneous detection of nucleic acid and proteins. Using SARS-CoV-2 as a target, this microfluidic chip enabled to simultaneously detect the SARS-CoV-2 RNA (N gene) antigen (or specific IgG antibody) with respective detection limits of 1 copy/μL for nucleic acid, 0.85 ng/mL for antigen, and 5.80 ng/mL for IgG within 30 min with high stability and anti-interference ability. The capability of this system in clinical applications was further evaluated using clinical samples, displaying 100% sensitivity and 100% specificity for COVID-19 diagnosis. These findings demonstrate the potential of this method to be used for the detection and subsequent control of pathogens.